The World Bank has said Nigeria and six other countries were responsible for two-thirds of global gas flaring.
It said this in a statement titled ‘Seven countries account for two-thirds of global gas flaring’.
According to the World Bank, “Gas flaring satellite data from 2020 reveals that Russia, Iraq, Iran, the United States, Algeria, Venezuela and Nigeria remain the top seven gas flaring countries for nine years running, since the first satellite was launched in 2012.
“These seven countries produce 40 per cent of the world’s oil each year, but account for roughly two-thirds (65 per cent) of global gas flaring.
“This trend is indicative of ongoing, though differing, challenges facing these countries. For example, the United States has thousands of individual flare sites, difficult to connect to a market, while a few high flaring oil fields in East Siberia in the Russian Federation are extremely remote, lacking the infrastructure to capture and transport the associated gas.”
Similarly, the Global Director for the Energy and Extractives Global Practice at the World Bank, Demetrios Papathanasiou, said, “In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, oil-dependent developing countries are feeling the pinch, with constrained revenues and budgets.
“But with gas flaring still releasing over 400 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions each year, now is the time for action.
“We must forge ahead with plans to dramatically reduce the direct emissions of the oil and gas sector, including from gas flaring.”
However, the World Bank noted that in an unprecedented year for the oil and gas industry, oil production declined by eight per cent in 2020.
It also added that global gas flaring reduced by five per cent, according to satellite data compiled by the World Bank’s Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership.